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Activity Number: 515
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 3, 2016 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: WNAR
Abstract #318246
Title: Parameter Inference and Model Selection in Deterministic and Stochastic Dynamical Models
Author(s): Jennifer Hoeting * and Libo Sun and Chihoon Lee
Companies: Colorado State University and Janssen R&D and Stevens Institute of Technology
Keywords: stochastic differential equations ; SDE ; approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) ; sequential Monte Carlo

We propose new methodology to estimate parameters in a dynamical model when some state variables are unobserved and observed states are sparse over time. The talk is in two parts. First, we consider the problem of estimating parameters of stochastic differential equations (SDEs) with discrete-time observations that are either completely or partially observed. We propose an importance sampling approach with an auxiliary parameter which improves the approximation of the transition density. We embed the auxiliary importance sampler in a penalized maximum likelihood framework which produces more accurate and computationally efficient parameter estimates. In the second part of the talk we perform model selection when observations from dynamical model are assumed to be observed with error (i.e., a statistical model). We select the form of the dynamical model (ODE, SDE, and a continuous time Markov chain model) as well as the form of the statistical model. Model selection and parameter estimation are performed using an ABC-SMC algorithm. We show these methods have good properties and apply these new approaches to two epidemics of chronic wasting disease in mule deer.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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