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Activity Number: 76
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, August 9, 2015 : 4:00 PM to 5:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #316562
Title: Assessing Global Differences in Endorsement of Current Procedural Terminology Codes
Author(s): Xu Shi* and Hristina Pashova and Patrick Heagerty
Companies: University of Washington and Axio Research and University of Washington
Keywords: current procedural terminology ; electronic medical records ; conditional exact tests ; sequence kernel association test ; penalized regression ; dynamic visualization

Electronic medical records (EMR) are increasingly used to support clinical research. A key aspect of EMR data is a patient's treatment history recorded using current procedural terminology (CPT) codes, which describe medical services and procedures. A natural research question is whether different subgroups of patients have different utilization patterns, and interest may lie in the entire spectrum of potential services. In this talk, we detail testing, estimation, and data visualization methods for quantifying the significance and magnitude of differences in the endorsement of every CPT code between two groups of subjects. There are two major issues in the data: sparsity in coding for rare procedures, and the potential for code substitution where similar procedures may be referenced using alternative codes. We address these issues by exploring likelihood ratio tests, conditional exact tests, and sequence kernel association tests for inference. We use penalized regression to display code-wise differences across subgroups. In addition, we discuss dynamic visualization tools that can help healthcare providers and researchers to explore variation in healthcare utilization data.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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