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Activity Number: 485
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 6, 2014 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Sports
Abstract #311290
Title: Towards a Rating System for Multi-Competitor Games and Sports
Author(s): Mark Glickman*+
Companies: Boston University
Keywords: order statistics ; exploded logit ; dynamic model

Many games and sports, particularly races, involve outcomes in which competitors are rank ordered rather than simply a single winner being declared. An abundance of approaches exists to estimate competitor ability from rank orderings, often with the purpose of making accurate forecasts for future competitions. We propose a Bayesian state-space framework for rank ordered logit models to rate competitor ability over time. Our approach assumes competitors' performances follow independent Gumbel distributions, with each competitor's mean performance evolving over time as a Gaussian random walk. The model accounts for the possibility of ties, an occurrence that is not atypical in races in which some of the competitors may not finish and therefore tie for last place. We demonstrate our approach to measuring abilities of 268 women from the results of women's Alpine skiing (downhill) competitions recorded over the period 2002-2013. We discuss the use of our approach in the development of a rating system for multi-competitor games.

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