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Activity Number: 340
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 6, 2013 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Mental Health Statistics Section
Abstract - #307623
Title: Modeling Strategies for Developing Treatment Response Indices
Author(s): Eva Petkova*+
Companies: New York University
Keywords: Biosignatures ; predictive models ; moderator of treatment effect

Clinicians are interested in identifying patient features at baseline that predict differential response to different treatment. It is common in clinical research to model the outcome as a linear function of the predictor and to test for significance of the interaction between treatment and the predictors in order to find moderators of treatment effect. Also, typically, moderators are identified either one by one, using one model for each potential predictor, or from a large model which includes all potential predictors and their 2-way interactions with treatment, but not interactions between the potential predictors. However, neither of these modeling strategies aids in the determination of combinations of patient characteristics that could be used to select patients who have high probability to respond to a given drug. In this talk we present flexible methods that extend the existing approaches for identification of differential predictors of treatment response in two directions: (1) allowing for non-linear association of the potential predictors with the outcome and (2) identifying combinations of predictors that are the "best" moderators of treatment effect.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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