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Activity Number: 342
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2012 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract - #306617
Title: Flexible Link Continual Reassessment Methods for Trivariate Binary Outcome Phase I/II Trials
Author(s): Wei Zhong and Bradley P Carlin and Joseph S Koopmeiners*+
Companies: University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota and University of Minnesota
Address: , , ,
Keywords: Bayesian adaptive methods ; Continual reassessment method (CRM) ; Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) ; Phase I/II clinical trial ; Surrogate efficacy

Even though the primary goal of a Phase I clinical trial is to determine the dosing schedule of a new treatment subject to safety concerns, treatment efficacy often remains an important secondary consideration. In such settings, the trial may collect both information on final efficacy as well as a surrogate efficacy marker that is obtained more quickly. Extended versions of Bayesian continual reassessment methods (CRMs) offer an attractive approach for a principled combination of all three sources of information, but the precise shape of the dose response curve may be difficult to specify, especially with the small sample sizes in early phase studies. In this paper, we propose flexible semi- and non-parametric link functions for a trivariate binary outcome CRM that allows for differential weighting of the outcomes, or even within outcome (say, higher penalties for over- rather than under-shooting toxicity). Illustrating in the context of a non-Hodgkin lymphoma trial, we show via simulation that our flexible link methods can outperform standard parametric CRM approaches in terms of both the probability of correct dose selection and the proportion of patients treated at that dose.

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