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Abstract Details

Activity Number: 403
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2012 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Biometrics Section
Abstract - #305994
Title: Piecewise Exponential Models to Assess the Influence of Job-Specific Experience on the Hazard of Acute Injury for Hourly Factory Workers
Author(s): Jessica Kubo*+ and Mark Cullen and Linda Cantley and Martin Slade and Sally Vegso and Baylah Tessier-Sherman and Oyebode Taiwo and Manisha Desai
Companies: Stanford University and Stanford University and Yale University and Yale University and Yale University and Yale University and Yale University and Stanford University
Address: 1070 Arastadero Road, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, United States
Keywords: piecewise-exponential ; Weibull ; job experience ; injury risk ; baseline hazard ; occupational health

An inverse relationship between experience and injury risk has been observed in many occupations. Methodological challenges in quantifying the reduction in risk include repeated events, varying lengths of follow-up and censored data. Cox proportional hazards models are not applicable because they ignore explicit modeling of the baseline hazard, the main parameter of interest. We investigated the novel use of parametric survival models for the baseline hazard to assess whether experience affected the hazard of injury for hourly workers of a U.S. factory at hire and after later job changes. Specifically, the comparison of competing models including the exponential, Weibull, and piecewise exponential models was proposed to formally test the null hypothesis that experience impacts the hazard of injury. The selected model was a two-piece exponential model that allowed the baseline hazard of injury to change with experience. Our findings suggested a 30% decrease in the hazard after 1 year of experience. Piece-wise exponential models may be particularly useful in modeling injury risk and have the additional benefit of interpretability over other similarly flexible models.

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