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Abstract Details

Activity Number: 423
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2012 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Social Statistics Section
Abstract - #305304
Title: Gender Gap in STEM Pipeline
Author(s): Xiaolei Wang*+ and Jijun Zhang
Companies: American Institutes for Research and American Institutes for Research
Address: 1990 K St. NW, Washington, DC, 20006, United States
Keywords: gender studies ; STEM ; national assessment ; national survey

This paper investigates gender gaps in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) pipeline, using data from national assessments and surveys. It starts with performance and course-taking in elementary and secondary education, and extends to attainment of STEM concentrated degrees in postsecondary education including graduate education. At the elementary and secondary education level, results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) showed boys consistently perform better than girls, although girls completed more challenging curricula. At the postsecondary education level, results from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) showed that while women earned the majority of postsecondary degrees across degree levels, women continued to be underrepresented in STEM fields. For example, in 2009-10, women earned the smallest percentages of degrees relative to men in the fields of engineering (17 percent of bachelor's, 22 percent of master's and 23 percent of doctoral degrees awarded to females) and computer sciences (18 percent of bachelor's, 27 percent of master's and 22 percent of doctoral awarded to females).

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