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Activity Number: 380
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Tuesday, July 31, 2012 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Asociacion Mexicana de Estadistica
Abstract - #303705
Title: Toward Uncertainty Quantification and Inference in the Stochastic SIR Epidemic Model
Author(s): Jose Andres Christen*+
Companies: CIMAT
Address: Jalisco s/N, Guanajutao, International, 37240, MEXICO
Keywords: Stochastic Processes ; Surrogate model ; Bayesian inference ; Chemical master equation

We introduce a novel method to conduct inference with models defined through a continuous-time Markov process, and we apply these results to a classical stochastic SIR model as a case study. We obtain approximations for first and second moments for the state variables. These approximate moments are in turn matched to the moments of an inputed generic discrete distribution aimed at generating an approximate likelihood that is valid both for low count or high count data. We conduct a full Bayesian inference to estimate epidemic parameters using informative priors. Excellent estimations and predictions are obtained both in a synthetic data scenario and in two Dengue fever case studies.

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