JSM 2011 Online Program

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Abstract Details

Activity Number: 329
Type: Topic Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 2, 2011 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Sports
Abstract - #300608
Title: Paired Comparison Models with Tie Probabilities and Order Effects as a Function of Strength
Author(s): Mark E. Glickman*+
Companies: Boston University School of Public Health
Address: EN Rogers Memorial Hospital (152), Building 70, Bedford, MA, 01730, USA
Keywords: tournament ; chess ; DIC ; Bayesian
Abstract:

Paired comparison models, such as the Bradley-Terry model and its variants, are commonly used to measure competitor strength in games and sports. Extensions have been proposed to account for order effects (e.g., home-field advantage) as well as the possibility of a tie as a separate outcome, but such models are rarely adopted in practice due to poor fit with actual data. We propose a novel paired comparison model that accounts not only for ties and order effects, but recognizes two phenomena that are not addressed with commonly used models. First, the probability of a tie may be greater for stronger pairs of competitors. Second, order effects may be more pronounced for stronger competitors. This model is motivated in the context of tournament chess game outcomes. The models are demonstrated on the 2006 US Chess Open, a large tournament with players of wide-ranging strengths, and to the Vienna 1898 chess tournament, a double-round robin tournament consisting of 20 of the world's top players.


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