This is the program for the 2010 Joint Statistical Meetings in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 345
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Tuesday, August 3, 2010 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Biopharmaceutical Section
Abstract - #307877
Title: An Alternative to the Peto Analysis for Two-Year Carcinogenicity Studies and to Tarone's Test for Trend on Censored Survival Data
Author(s): Arthur Roth*+
Companies: Private consultant
Address: 21270 Winchester St., Southfield, MI, 48076,
Keywords: Peto analysis ; carcinogenicity studies ; Tarone's test ; trend tests ; survival analysis ; isotonic regression

The Peto analysis for 2-year carcinogenicity studies and Tarone's test for trend on censored survival data employ a linear contrast among the dose groups. Two inherent drawbacks are that (a) the choice of the contrast (i.e., of the dose group scores) is arbitrary and often the subject of debate, and (b) all commonly used contrasts assign a negative score to the low dose (in some cases also to the mid dose), so that low-dose (and perhaps mid-dose) tumors raise the p-value and hence serve as implicit evidence AGAINST the tumor-inducing capacity of the test compound. We propose an alternative method that avoids these drawbacks by employing isotonic regression instead of a contrast, so that no choice of scores is required. Results on real data as well as well as simulation results will be presented.

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