Keywords: Population health assessment, community health needs assessment, measurement and evaluation
Hospitals are required to work with community organizations to conduct a Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) and adopt an associated implementation strategy. In concert with the healthcare delivery system’s transformation from volume to value and efforts to enhance multi-sector collaboration, CHNAs and other community health improvement processes have the potential to bridge efforts of the healthcare delivery sector, public health agencies, and other community organizations to improve population health outcomes. Having a shared measurement system is critical to achieving collective impact, yet our recent review of current community health improvement efforts found that despite the availability of community-level data from a variety of sources, many collaborations fall short in population health measurement and program evaluation. In the second phase of an ongoing project we will identify and to in-depth case studies of 10 exemplary community health improvement process. This paper will analyze and identify best practices for measurement systems with a focus on measures for needs assessments and priority setting and for monitoring collaborative implementation strategies.