Keywords: Indoor air pollution, endogenous treatment effect, Health outcomes
According to the International Energy Agency (2014), almost 03 billion people in developing countries,with 75% of them being in Sub Saharan Africa still rely on solid fuels (animal dung, wood, charcoal,crop residues, etc.) to meet their domestic energy needs. Indoor Air Pollution as the main consequence of this extensive use of wood fired stoves by households is listed as the 4th most important risk factor for disease worldwide; responsible for about 4.3 million deaths per year. However, the extent and the mechanisms through which indoor air pollution affects various children health outcomes is still unclear.Using observational cross sectional data from Lesotho; this paper makes use of endogenous treatment effect matching as well as Inverse Probability Weighting methods to empirically estimate the causal effect of indoor air pollution on various children's health anthropometric outcomes: HAZ, WAZ and WHZ. It also moves beyond the solely assessment of the "direct" causal impact of indoor air pollution on under five years old children's health; by unravelling the channels and mechanisms through which such significant negative effects might occur.