Combing biomarkers to improve diagnostic accuracy
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*Aiyi Liu, NIH/NICHD 

Keywords: biomarker, diagnostic accuracy

Diagnostic accuracy can be improved considerably by combining multiple biomarkers. Although the likelihood ratio provides optimal solution to combination of biomarkers, the method is sensitive to distributional assumptions which are often difficult to justify. Alternatively simple linear combinations can be considered whose empirical solution may encounter extensive computation when the number of biomarkers is relatively large. Moreover, the optimal linear combinations derived under multivariate normality may suffer substantial loss of efficiency if the distributions are apart from normality. In this talk this speaker will briefly review existing methods for combination of diagnostic biomarkers and then present a semi-parametric approach to combining biomarkers.