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Activity Number: 80 - Advancement in Spatial and Spatiotemporal Point Process
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 29, 2018 : 4:00 PM to 5:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #328651 Presentation
Title: Assessing Current Temporal and Space-Time Anomalies of Disease Incidence
Author(s): Chih-Chieh Wu* and Chien-Hsiun Chen and Sanjay Shete
Companies: National Cheng Kung University and Academia Sinica and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Keywords: current cluster; current paucity; dengue

Timely identification of anomalies of disease or poisoning incidence during ongoing surveillance or an outbreak requires the use of sensitive statistical methods that recognize an incidence pattern at the time of occurrence. This report describes 2 novel analytical methods that focus on detecting anomalies of incidence at the time of occurrence in a temporal and space-time series. The first method describes the paucity of incidence at the time of occurrence in an ongoing surveillance and is designed to evaluate whether a decline in incidence occurs on the single current day or during the most recent few days. The second method provides an overall assessment of current clustering or paucity of incidence in a space-time series, allowing for several space regions. We illustrate the application of these methods using a subsample of a temporal series of data on the largest dengue outbreak in Taiwan in 2015 since World War II and demonstrate that they are useful to efficiently monitor incoming data for current clustering and paucity of incidence in a temporal and space-time series.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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