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Activity Number: 488 - Nonstationary and Anisotropic Spatial Processes
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Wednesday, August 1, 2018 : 8:30 AM to 10:20 AM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #328494 Presentation
Title: Flexible Characterizations of Nonstationary Space-Time Covariance Functions
Author(s): Christopher J Geoga* and Charlotte Haley and Michael Stein and Mihai Anitescu
Companies: Argonne National Laboratory and Argonne National Lab and University of Chicago, Dept. of Statistics and Argonne National Laboratory
Keywords: space-time statistics; nonstationarity; cyclostationarity; spectral domain; computational scalability

Many physical space-time processes are nonstationary in either space or time. While there are existing strategies to cope with these problems---like various methods of assuming piecewise-stationarity---they often require difficult ad-hoc decisions about the time or spatial scale on which an observed process is reasonably close to being stationary. Moreover, space-time covariance functions are difficult to characterize flexibly even without further requirements of smooth, parametric variation in space or time. In this presentation, we extend the spectral-in-time framework of Stein (2005) to processes that are nonstationary in space and cyclostationary in time, providing a new method to flexibly and naturally characterize the evolving covariance structure of a broad class of nonstationary space-time processes. We then apply this method to a very large dataset of Doppler LIDAR vertical wind speed profiles, demonstrating both its flexibility and its computational scalability.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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