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Activity Number: 144 - Statistical Methods in Detection and Attribution of Changes in Climate Extremes
Type: Invited
Date/Time: Monday, July 30, 2018 : 10:30 AM to 12:20 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics and the Environment
Abstract #326632
Title: Fingerprinting Changes in Climate Extremes with Joint Modeling of Observations and Climate Model Simulation
Author(s): Jun Yan* and Yujing Jiang and Zhuo Wang and Xuebin Zhang
Companies: University of Connecticut and Colorado State University and Shenzhen University, China and Environment and Climate Change Canada
Keywords: extreme value analysis; marginal regression; measurement error; spatial extremes

Detection and attribution (D&A) analysis for climate extremes plays an important role in understanding the human influence on the observed change in climate extremes. In recent methodologies, signals are estimated from climate model simulation under external forcing and then used as the true signal in the following statistical analysis. The estimated signal, however, contains measurement error inherited from the climate model simulation, and may lead to bias in the analysis. In this study, we propose a method which combines the signal estimation and D&A analyis where the signal is estimated jointly from both the simulated and the observed extremes. We show that this method can reduce the bias effectively in the estimation compared to the previous method using a simulation study. We also apply the new method to the extreme temperature indices in East Asia area.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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