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Activity Number: 245
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Monday, August 1, 2016 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #319225 View Presentation
Title: Simultaneous Detection and Estimation of Trait Associations with Genomic Phenotypes
Author(s): Jean Morrison* and Noah Simon and Daniela Witten
Companies: University of Washington and University of Washington and University of Washington
Keywords: epigenetics ; convex methods ; functional data ; penalized regression

Genomic phenotypes, such as DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility, measure the transcriptional and regulatory activity of DNA within a cell. Recent technological advances have made it possible to measure such phenotypes very densely at sites across the genome. This density often results in spatial structure, in the sense that measurements at nearby sites are very similar. We consider the task of comparing genomic phenotypes across experimental conditions, cell types, or disease subgroups. We propose a new method, Joint Adaptive Differential Estimation (JADE), which leverages the spatial structure inherent to genomic phenotypes. JADE simultaneously estimates smooth underlying group average genomic phenotype profiles, and detects regions in which the average profile differs between groups. We evaluate JADE's performance in several biologically plausible simulation settings. We also consider an application to the detection of regions with differential methylation between skeletal muscle myoblasts, myotubes and mature skeletal muscle cells.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

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