Online Program Home
My Program

Abstract Details

Activity Number: 35
Type: Contributed
Date/Time: Sunday, July 31, 2016 : 2:00 PM to 3:50 PM
Sponsor: Section on Statistics in Epidemiology
Abstract #319208 View Presentation
Title: Comparison of Predictive Modeling Approaches for 30-Day All-Cause Nonelective Readmission Risk
Author(s): Liping Tong* and Cole Erdmann and Marina Daldalian and Jing Li and Tina Esposito
Companies: Advocate Health Care and Cerner Corporation and Cerner Corporation and Cerner Corporation and Advocate Health Care
Keywords: Predictive Models ; Readmission Risk ; Stepwise ; Lasso ; AdaBoost

We present a comparison of prediction performance of commonly used methods on 30-day all-cause non-elective readmission risk. Approaches including LACE, Stepwise logistic, LASSO logistic, and AdaBoost, are compared with sample sizes of the fitting data varying from 2,500 to 80,000. Our results confirm that LACE has moderate discrimination power with AUC around 0.65-0.66, which can be improved to 0.73-0.74 when additional variables from EMR are considered. When sample size is small (?5000), LASSO is the best; when sample size is large (?20,000), Stepwise method has a slightly lower AUC (0.734) compared to LASSO (0.737) and AdaBoost (0.737). We also show that a large proportion of independent variables might be falsely selected as predictors when using a single method and a single division of fitting/validating data. However, it is possible to identify "true" important predictors using the strategy of repeatedly dividing data into fitting/validating subsets and referring the final model based on summarizing results. Our comparison strategy has utility beyond readmission risk prediction and is applicable for other types of predictive models in clinical studies.

Authors who are presenting talks have a * after their name.

Back to the full JSM 2016 program

Copyright © American Statistical Association